IoT (Internet of Things) technology is becoming prevalent in almost every industry, helping to realise previously unfeasible ideas. The global IoT market was valued at a staggering $212 billion last year, and it is estimated that this value will rise to $1567 billion by 2025.
The rise in IoT adoption not only leads to significant cost savings but crucially generates a wide range of environmental benefits. Smart technology has the potential to be transformative on a global scale, making huge improvements to efficiency and sustainability. Below are just a few ways that IoT can help the environment.
1. Air pollution and IoT
IoT allows air pollution to be monitored in real-time via the use of air quality sensors, enabling sources of this pollution to be identified promptly and accurately. For example, gas leaks can be immediately detected and swift action can be taken. Preventative strategies can be formed quickly if pollution sources are closely monitored.
IoT can also help to reduce air pollution in the automotive sector. AI-enabled traffic lights can adjust automatically to the volume of traffic, reducing the number of idling cars, a major source of greenhouse emissions.
2. Agriculture and IoT
IoT can be used in agriculture to monitor crops and soil to maximise crop production while maintaining a low impact on the environment. Sensors are attached to crops to monitor their growth, allowing anomalies to be detected and resolved immediately.
Parameters such as hydration, nutrition, and disease can also be monitored in real-time. This data can subsequently be used to form adaptive irrigation systems which determine the most efficient watering patterns. For example, Agrisource Data claims to have saved more than 750,000,000 litres of water and increased average yield by nearly 10%.